The protection of physical property includes both technical and nontechnical elements. Many times companies concentrate on one and overlook the other, and its only after a breach that they realize their mistake.
The capability to secure sensitive information heavily relies on the ability to secure the facility physically. Controlled access is a necessity to protect the IT security of a company or building and also the employees from unauthorized individuals. Failure to properly secure the facility could allow an individual to create mayhem in their systems, steal company data, or potentially harm to their employees.
While information security can be more dependent on policies, procedures, and business processes rather than technical hardware, the first defense even with regard to IT security are the physical barriers to unauthorized entry to the facility. That’s why scanning for physical security issues and fixing them before they’re exploited is necessary.
A large number of companies today don’t take physical security as seriously as cyber security and hackers may exploit this vulnerability. They can exploit the limited physical security, weakness in the building’s infrastructure, computer room access, and design of the facility.
To fully understand the vulnerabilities of a building’s physical security, companies that specializing in this field can be engaged to perform a site survey, report their findings, and make recommendations to mitigate the vulnerability.
One of the most effective ways to “real world” test is through penetration testing of physical security assets. The main objective of penetration testing is to determine security weaknesses and to test an organization’s security policy compliance. It can also be used to determine employee security awareness and the organization’s ability to identify and respond to security incidents.
Security is holistic concept, and all aspects, including physical security are necessary in any company’s security program. The consequences of a physical penetration can sometimes be more disastrous than a cyber attack, and all companies should regard it with the same due diligence as IT security protocols.